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Thursday, March 13, 2008

Constitution of INDIA

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Articles of Constitution of India

The Constitution of India has a total of 395 Articles in 22 parts.

The parts of the Indian Constitution are mentioned below:

Part I - The Union and its Territory
Part II - Citizenship
Part III - Fundamental Rights
Part IV - Directive Principles of State Policy
Part IVA - Fundamental Duties

Part V - The Union
Part VI - The States
Part VII - The States in Part B of the First Schedule
Part VIII - The Union Territories
Part IX - Panchayats
Part IXA - Municipalities
Part X - The Scheduled and Tribal Areas
Part XI - Relations Between The Union and The States
Part XII - Finance, Property, Contracts and Suits
Part XIII - Trade, Commerce and Intercourse within The territory of India
Part XIV - Services Under The Union and The States
Part XIVA - Tribunals
Part XV- Elections
Part XVI - Special Provisions Relating to Certain Classes
Part XVII - Official Language
Part XVIII - Emergency Provisions
Part XIX - Miscellaneous
Part XX - Amendment of the Constitution
Part XXI - Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions
Part XXII - Short Title, Commencement, Authoritative Text in Hindi and Repeals

Parts with Important Articles :
Part I - consists of Articles 1 - 4 on the Union and its Territory
Part II - consists of Articles 5 - 11 on Citizenship.
Part III - consists of Articles 12 - 35 on Fundamental Rights.
Articles 14 - 18 on Right to Equality,

Articles 19 - 22 on Right to Freedom,
Articles 23 - 24 on Right against Exploitation,
Articles 25 - 28 on Right to Freedom of Religion,
Articles 29 - 31 on Cultural and Educational Rights,
Articles 32 - 35 on Right to Constitutional Remedies.

Part IV - consists of Articles 36 - 51 on Directive Principles of State Policy.
Part IV (A) consists of Article 51A - Fundamental Duties of each citizen .
Part V - consists of Articles on the Union.

Chapter I - Articles 52 to 78 on The Executive.

Articles 52 - 73 on the President and Vice-President,
Articles 74 - 75 on Council of Ministers,
Articles 76 - Attorney General of ,
Articles 77 - 78 on the Conduct of Government Business

Chapter II - Articles 79 - 122 on Parliament.

Articles 79 - 88 on Constitution of Parliament,
Articles 89 - 98 on Officers of Parliament,
Articles 99 - 100 on Conduct of Business,
Articles 101 - 104 on Disqualification of members,
Articles 105 - 106 on Powers, privileges and Immunities of Parliament and its Members,
Articles 107 - 111 on Legislative Procedure,
Articles 112 - 117 on Procedure in Financial Matters,
Articles 118 - 122 on Procedure Generally.

Chapter III - Article 123 on the Legislative Powers of the President.

Article 123 on Power of president to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Parliament

Chapter IV - Articles 124 - 147 on The Union Judiciary.

Articles 124 - 147 Establishment and Constitution of the Supreme Court

Chapter V - Articles 148 - 151 on the Controller and Auditor-General of .

Articles 148 - 151 on Duties and powers of Comptroller and Auditor-General.

Part VI - Articles on the States.

Chapter I - Article 152 on the General definition of a State of the Union of India

Article 152 - Exclusion of the state of Jammu and Kashmir from the general definition of a state of the Union of India.

Chapter II - Articles 153 - 167 on The Executive

Articles 153 - 162 on The Governor,
Articles 163 - 164 on The Council of Ministers,
Article 165 on the Advocate-General for the State.
Articles 166 - 167 on the Conduct of Government Business.

Chapter III - Articles 168 - 212 on The State Legislature.

Articles 168 - 177 General
Articles 178 - 187 on the Officers of the State Legislature,
Articles 188 - 189 on Conduct of Business,
Articles 190 - 193 on Disqualification of members,
Articles 194 - 195 on Powers, Privileges and Immunities Parliament and its Members,
Articles 196 - 201 on Legislative Procedure,
Articles 202 - 207 on Procedure in Financial Matters,
Articles 208 - 212 on Procedure Generally.

Chapter IV - Article 213 on the Legislative Powers of the Governor

Article 213 - Power of president to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Parliament

Chapter V - Articles 214 - 231 on The High Courts in the States.

Articles 214 - 231 on High Courts in the States,

Chapter VI - Articles 233 - 237 on the Subordinate Courts

Articles 232 - 237 on Subordinate Courts

Part VII - consists of Articles on States in the B part of the First schedule.

Article 238 Repealed, Replaced by the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956, s. 29 and Sch.

Part VIII - consists of Articles on The Union Territories

Articles 239 - 242 Administration, creation of Council of Ministers and High Courts

Part IX - consists of Articles on the Panchayat system.

Articles 243 - 243O on the Gram Sabha and Panchayat system

Part IXA - consists of Articles on Municipalties.

Articles 243P - 243ZG on Municipalties

Part X - consists of Articles on the scheduled and Tribal Areas

Articles 244 - 244A on Administration, creation of Council of Ministers, and legislatures.

Part XI - consists of Articles on Relations between the Union and the States.

Chapter I - Articles 245 - 255 on the Distribution of Legislative Powers

Articles 245 - 255 on Distribution of Legislative Relations

Chapter II - Articles 256 - 263 on Administrative Relations

Articles 256 - 261 - General
Article 262 - on Disputes relating to waters.
Article 263 - on Co-ordination between States

Part XII - consists of Articles on Finance, Property, Contracts and Suits

Chapter I - Articles 264 - 291 on Finance

Articles 264 - 267 General
Articles 268 - 281 on Distribution Revenues between the Union and the States
Articles 282 - 291 on Miscellaneous Financial Provisions

Chapter II - Articles 292 - 293 on Borrowing

Articles 292 - 293 on Borrowing by States

Chapter III - Articles 294 - 300 on Property, Contracts, Right, Liabilities, Obligations and Suits

Articles 294 - 300 on Succession to property assets, liabilities, and obligations.

Chapter IV - Article 300A on the Right to Property

Article 300A - on Persons not to be deprived of property save by authority of law

Part XIII - consists of Articles on Trade and Commerce within the territory of India

Articles 301 - 305 on Freedom of Trade and Commerce, and the power of Parliament and States to impose restrictions on the same
Article 306 - Repealed - Replaced by the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956, s. 29 and Sch.
Article 307 - Appointment of authority for carrying out the purposes of articles 301 to 304.

Part XIV - consists of Articles on Services Under the Union and the States

Chapter I - Articles 308 - 314 on Services

Articles 308 - 313 on Services
Article 314 - Repealed - Replaced by the Constitution (Twenty-eighth Amendment) Act, 1972,

Chapter II - Articles 315 - 323 on the Public Service Commissions

Articles 315 - 323 on Public Service Commissions

Part XIVA - consists of Articles on Tribunals

Articles 323 A - 323 B

Part XV - consists of Articles on Elections

Articles 324 - 329 on Elections
Article 329A - Repealed - Replaced by the Constitution (Forty-fourth Amendment) Act, 1978,

Part XVI - consists of Articles on Special Provisions Relating to certain Classes.

Articles 330 - 342 on Reservations

Part XVII - consists of Articles on Official Language

Chapter I - Articles 343 - 344 on Language of the Union

Articles 343 - 344 Official Language of the Union

Chapter II - Articles 345 - 347 on Regional Languages

Articles 345 - 347 on Language of the State

Chapter III - Articles 348 - 349 on Language of the Supreme Court, High courts, Etc

Articles 348 - 349 on Language used in Supreme Court, High courts Etc

Chapter IV - Articles 350 - 351 on Special Directives

Article 350 - on Language to be used in representations for redress of grievances.
Article 350A - on Facilities for instruction in mother-tongue at primary stage.
Article 350B - on provision for Special Officer for linguistic minorities.
Article 351 - on Directive for development of the Hindi language.

Part XVIII - consists of Articles on Emergency Provisions

Articles 352 - 359 on Emergency Provisions
Article 359A - Repealed - Replaced by the Constitution (Sixty-third Amendment) Act, 1989

Article 360 - on Provisions as to financial emergency.

Part XIX - Miscellaneous

Articles 361 - 361A - Miscellaneous
Article 362 - Repealed - Replaced by the Constitution (Twenty-sixth Amendment) Act, 1971 Part XX - consists of Articles on Amendment of the Constitution

Articles 368 on the Power of parliament to amend the constitution and procedure therefor

Part XXI - consists of Articles on Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions

Articles 369 - 378A on Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions
Article 379 - 391 - Repealed - Replaced by the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956,

Article 392 - on the Power of the President to remove difficulties.

Part XXII consists of Articles on short title, date of commencement, Authoritative text in Hindi and Repeals.

Articles 393 - 395 Commencement, authoritative text in Hindi and repeals [2]
Schedules to Indian Constitution

First Schedule: This schedule is about the States and Union Territories of .

Second Schedule: In this Schedule, provisions made to the President and the Governors of States, Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the House of the People, the Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the Council of States, the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly, the Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the Legislative Council of a State, the Judges of the Supreme Court and of the High Courts and the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India

Third Schedule: Forms of Oaths or Affirmations are mentioned in this Schedule.

Fourth Schedule: This Schedule specifies the allocation of seats in the Council of States.

Fifth Schedule: Provisions as to the Administration and Control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes are mentioned in this Schedule. The amendment of the schedule is also included in the Part D of the Schedule.

Sixth Schedule: This Schedule deals with the provisions as to the Administration of Tribal Areas in the States of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.

Seventh Schedule: The List I or the Union List, List II or the State List and List III or the Concurrent List are included in this Schedule.

Eighth Schedule: The 22 languages selected as the official languages of are mentioned in this Schedule.

Ninth Schedule: Validation of certain Acts and Regulations is dealt with in this Schedule

Tenth Schedule: Provisions as to disqualification on ground of defection for the Members of Parliament and Members of the State Legislatures are mentioned in this Schedule.

Eleventh Schedule: This Schedule talks about the powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats

Twelfth Schedule: Powers, authority and responsibilities of Municipalities are defined in this Schedule.


14 comments:

Anonymous said...

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VengatRaman.k said...

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aslesha said...

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thanks a lot!

with regards,
Aslesha

Anonymous said...

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sneha said...

really a big THANK YOU

Dr Naresh Jhajharia said...

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Anonymous said...

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