Wikipedia : History of India
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The archaeological record in India (encompassing the territory of the modern nations of the Republic of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh) shows first traces of Homo sapiens from ca. 34,000 years ago. Bronze Age civilization emerges contemporary to the civilizations of the Ancient Near East, from circa 3300 BC, with the Indus Valley Civilization reaching its mature phase from around 2600 BC.
The Vedic period in the Iron Age saw the rise of major kingdoms known as the Mahajanapadas, in which Mahavira and Gautama Buddha were born during the 6th century BC. The Indian subcontinent was first united under the Maurya Empire during the 4th and 3rd centuries BC. After the collapse of the Maurya Empire in the 2nd century BC, numerous kingdoms were formed. Medieval India saw a series of Muslim conquests since the 7th century. Most of the Indian subcontinent was later unified again under the Mughal Empire in the 16th and 17th centuries. After the collapse of the Mughal Empire in the 18th century, most of India was conquered by the British East India Company in the 19th century. After the Indian Rebellion of 1857, India was ruled by the British Raj from 1858.
India regained independence in 1947, after being partitioned into the Republic of India and Pakistan. The two nations immediately engaged in wafare, with East Pakistan gaining independence as Bangladesh in 1971 after the Bangladesh Liberation War. See History of the Republic of India, History of Pakistan and History of Bangladesh for the post-1947 history of the individual states.
- 1 The Stone Age
- 2 The Bronze Age
- 3 The 16 Mahajanapadas of the Iron Age
- 4 Persian and Greek invasion
- 5 The Magadha empire
- 6 Early middle kingdoms — the golden age
- 7 Northwestern hybrid cultures
- 8 Late Middle Kingdoms — the classical age
- 9 The Islamic sultanates
- 10 The Mughal era
- 11 The Maratha Empire
- 12 Post-Mughal regional kingdoms
- 13 Colonial era
- 14 Post-1947 history of the subcontinent
- 15 References
- 16 Further reading
- 17 See also
- 18 External links
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